Unveiling the Power of Solo 401(k)s and Roth Solo 401(k)s: A Comprehensive Guide

In the near future, Schwab is set to introduce Solo Roth 401(k)s. This exciting development prompted us to delve into solo 401(k)s and shed light on the specific advantages associated with the Roth option.  

In the near future, Schwab is set to introduce Solo Roth 401(k)s. This exciting development prompted us to delve into solo 401(k)s and shed light on the specific advantages associated with the Roth option.  


In the world of retirement planning, Solo 401(k)s and Roth Solo 401(k)s stand out as powerful tools for individuals who are self-employed or own a small business. These retirement savings vehicles offer unique advantages that can significantly impact your financial future. In this blog post, we will look at the features, benefits, and considerations associated with Solo 401(k)s and Roth Solo 401(k)s, helping you make informed decisions about your retirement strategy. 


Solo 401(k)s: An Overview 

A Solo 401(k), also known as an Individual 401(k) or Self-Employed 401(k), is a retirement savings plan designed for self-employed individuals or small business owners with no employees other than a spouse. Here are key features and benefits: 


Higher Contribution Limits: One of the primary advantages of a Solo 401(k) is the ability to contribute more compared to other retirement plans. As of 2024, individuals can contribute up to $69,000 annually, including both employee and employer contributions. Plus, if you are over 50, you can contribute an additional $7,500 for a total of $76,500. 

Flexible Contributions: Solo 401(k)s offer both employee and employer contributions. As an employee, you can contribute up to $23,000 (or $30,500 if you’re 50 or older) in 2024. Additionally, as the employer, you can contribute up to 25% of your net self-employment income. 

Loan Option: Solo 401(k)s allow participants to take loans from their account, providing flexibility in times of financial need. 


Roth Solo 401(k)s: A Tax-Efficient Twist 

The Roth Solo 401(k) is a variation of the traditional Solo 401(k), offering unique tax advantages. Here’s what you need to know: 

Tax-Free Withdrawals: One of the most compelling features of the Roth Solo 401(k) is that qualified withdrawals are tax-free. This means that when you retire, you can access your savings without paying federal income tax on the distributions. 

Diversification of Tax Exposure: By contributing to both a traditional Solo 401(k) and a Roth Solo 401(k), you can diversify your tax exposure. This strategy provides flexibility in managing your tax liability during retirement. 

No Age-Related Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs): Unlike traditional Solo 401(k)s, Roth Solo 401(k)s do not have age-related RMDs. This allows your savings to grow tax-free for as long as you wish, providing more control over your retirement income planning. 


Considerations for Choosing Between the Two: 

Tax Situation: Your current and expected future tax situation is a crucial factor. If you anticipate being in a higher tax bracket during retirement, a Roth Solo 401(k) may be more advantageous. 

Liquidity Needs: If you foresee the need for liquidity through loans, the traditional Solo 401(k) might be a better fit due to its loan option. 

Diversification Strategy: Consider a combination of both Solo 401(k) types to diversify your tax exposure and provide flexibility in retirement income planning. 



Solo 401(k)s and Roth Solo 401(k)s offer powerful tools for self-employed individuals and small business owners to build a secure retirement. Understanding the features, benefits, and considerations of each type is crucial for making informed decisions that align with your financial goals. As always, it’s recommended to consult with a financial advisor to tailor these retirement strategies to your specific circumstances and aspirations. 

If you are self-employed or are a business owner, we can help you. Schedule a call with us using the form below.  





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